Mitochondrial Efflux of Citrate and Isocitrate is Fully Dispensable for Glucose-Stimulated Insulin Secretion and Pancreatic Islet β-Cell Function
figureposted on 27.05.2021, 07:42 by Casey J. Bauchle, Kristen E. Rohli, Cierra K. Boyer, Vidhant Pal, Jonathan V. Rocheleau, Siming Liu, Yumi Imai, Eric B. Taylor, Samuel B. Stephens
The defining feature of pancreatic islet β-cell function is the precise coordination of changes in blood glucose levels with insulin secretion to regulate systemic glucose homeostasis. While ATP has long been heralded as a critical metabolic coupling factor to trigger insulin release, glucose-derived metabolites have been suggested to further amplify fuel-stimulated insulin secretion. The mitochondrial export of citrate and isocitrate through the citrate-isocitrate carrier (CIC) has been suggested to initiate a key pathway that amplifies glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, though the physiological significance of β-cell CIC to glucose homeostasis has not been established. Here, we generated constitutive and adult CIC β-cell knockout mice and demonstrate these animals have normal glucose tolerance, similar responses to diet-induced obesity, and identical insulin secretion responses to various fuel secretagogues. Glucose-stimulated NADPH production was impaired in β-cell CIC KO islets, whereas glutathione reduction was retained. Furthermore, suppression of the downstream enzyme, cytosolic isocitrate dehydrogenase, Idh1, inhibited insulin secretion in wild type islets, but failed to impact β-cell function in β-cell CIC KO islets. Our data demonstrate that the mitochondrial citrate-isocitrate carrier is not required for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and that additional complexities exist for the role of Idh1 and NADPH in the regulation of β-cell function.