Exercise-induced increases in insulin sensitivity after bariatric surgery are mediated by muscle extracellular matrix remodeling
figureposted on 11.05.2021, 21:45 by Wagner S. Dantas, Hamilton Roschel, Igor H. Murai, Saulo Gil, Gangarao Davuluri, Christopher L. Axelrod, Sujoy Ghosh, Susan S. Newman, Hui Zhang, Samuel K. Shinjo, Willian das Neves, Carlos Merege-Filho, Walcy R. Teodoro, Vera L. Capelozzi, Rosa Maria Pereira, Fabiana B. Benatti, Ana L. de Sá-Pinto, Roberto de Cleva, Marco A. Santo, John P. Kirwan, Bruno Gualano
Exercise seems to enhance the beneficial effect of bariatric surgery (RYGB) on insulin resistance. We hypothesized that skeletal muscle extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling may underly these benefits. Women were randomized to either a combined aerobic and resistance exercise training program following RYGB or standard of care (RYGB). Insulin sensitivity was assessed by OGTT. Muscle biopsies were obtained at baseline, and 3 and 9 months after surgery and subjected to comprehensive phenotyping, transcriptome profiling, molecular pathway identification and validation in vitro. Exercise training improved insulin sensitivity beyond surgery alone (e.g., Matsuda index - RYGB: +123% vs. RYGB + ET: +325%; P ≤ 0.0001). ECM remodeling was reduced by surgery alone, with an additive benefit of surgery and exercise training (e.g., collagen I - RYGB: -41% vs. RYGB + ET: -76%; P ≤ 0.0001). Exercise and RYGB had an additive effect on enhancing insulin sensitivity, but surgery alone did not resolve insulin resistance and ECM remodeling. We identified candidates modulated by exercise training that may become therapeutic targets for treating insulin resistance, in particular, the transforming growth factor-beta 1/SMAD 2/3 pathway and its antagonist follistatin. Exercise-induced increases in insulin sensitivity after bariatric surgery are at least partially mediated by muscle extracellular matrix remodeling.