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Experience of Telephone-Based Diabetes Health Coaching Among Community-Based Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

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posted on 2024-05-30, 15:11 authored by Tharshika Sugumaran, Jeannette LeGris, Patricia H. Strachan, Paige Alliston, Diana Sherifali

Background. In the past decade, diabetes health coaching, also referred to as diabetes coaching, has emerged as a patient-centered intervention to help individuals with type 2 diabetes gain independence with self-management. This study explores the perceived experience of receiving telephone-based diabetes health coaching among adults living with type 2 diabetes.

Method. A qualitative exploration with an interpretive descriptive design was carried out. Participants from the intervention group of a larger randomized controlled trial who had received a telephone-based diabetes coaching intervention throughout 1 year were invited to participate in a telephone interview with open-ended questions.

Results. Twelve participants were interviewed, and four major themes emerged: 1) adapting to ongoing challenges with type 2 diabetes, reflecting how coaching helped individuals integrate diabetes into their daily lives by addressing misconceptions, improving knowledge, encouraging awareness, and easing the transition from oral medication to insulin injections; 2) heightened mindfulness of diabetes-related wellness, capturing the greater attention participants gave to their overall well-being and self-management behaviours; 3) behaviour change guided by the participant, highlighting the differences in participants’ motivation, readiness to make changes, and external factors that influenced their ability to make self-management behavior changes; and 4) valuing a supportive relationship, illustrating that most participants felt that the unique coach-client relationship was reliable, holistic, nonjudgmental, and encouraging.

Conclusion. Participants found diabetes coaching to be positive and highlighted the various ways it was able to support their ability to manage diabetes.

Funding

Canadian Institutes for Health Research x 311588

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