American Diabetes Association
DC23-0063 Online_supplemental_material.docx (18.52 kB)
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Upper extremity impairments in type 1 diabetes: Results from a controlled nationwide study

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posted on 2023-03-31, 17:20 authored by Sabina Wagner, Kirsten Nørgaard, Ingrid Willaing, Kasper Olesen, Henrik U. Andersen


Objective: This study aimed to identify current and lifetime prevalence of upper extremity impairments (UEI) among people with type 1 diabetes and explore factors associated with UEIs.

Design and Methods: In a Danish cross-sectional, nationwide case-control study, data on UEIs and health behavior was paired with data on sociodemographics and clinical factors from national registers. Participants included people with type 1 diabetes (n=2245) and a control group (n=841). Differences between groups were assessed using binomial proportions and multivariate logistic regression. 

Results: Compared to controls, people with type 1 diabetes were significantly (p<0.05) more likely to suffer from frozen shoulder (OR=3.5), carpal tunnel syndrome (OR=3.5), trigger finger (OR=5.0) and Dupuytren’s contracture (OR=4.3). They were also more likely to have several coexisting impairments than the control group (p<0.01). Diabetes duration was associated with all four impairments. 

Conclusions: UEIs are very common, and particularly so among people with type 1 diabetes.