Trends in the Incidence of Hospitalization for Major Diabetes-Related Complications in People With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Australia, 2010–2019
Research Design and Methods: This study included 70,885 people with type 1 and 1,089,270 people with type 2 diabetes registered on the Australian diabetes registry followed from July 2010 to June 2019. Outcomes (hospitalization for myocardial infarction [MI], stroke, heart failure [HF], lower-extremity amputation [LEA], hypoglycemia, and hyperglycemia) were obtained via linkage to hospital admissions databases. Trends over time in the age-adjusted incidence of hospitalizations were analyzed using Joinpoint regression and summarized as annual percent changes (APCs).
Results: In type 1 diabetes, the incidence of all complications remained stable, except for stroke, which increased from 2010-2011 to 2018-2019 (financial years; APC: +2.5% [95% CI: 0.1, 4.8]), and hyperglycemia, which increased from 2010-2011 to 2016-2017 (APC: +2.7% [1.0, 4.5]). In type 2 diabetes, the incidence of stroke remained stable, while the incidence of MI decreased from 2012-2013 to 2018-2019 (APC: -1.7% [-2.8, -0.5]), as did the incidence of HF and hypoglycemia from 2010-2011 to 2018-2019 (APCs: -0.8% [-1.5, 0.0] and -5.3% [-6.7, -3.9], respectively); the incidence of LEA and hyperglycemia increased (APCs: +3.1% [1.9, 4.4], and +7.4% [5.9, 9.0]). Most trends were consistent by sex, but differed by age; in type 2 diabetes most improvements were confined to individuals aged ≥60 years.Conclusions: Trends in admissions for diabetes-related complications were largely stable in type 1 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, hospitalization rates for MI, HF, and hypoglycemia fell over time, while increasing for LEA and hyperglycemia.