Transketolase deficiency in adipose tissues protects mice from diet-induced obesity by promoting lipolysis
figureposted on 15.04.2020 by Ada Admin, Na Tian, Qi Liu, Yakui Li, Lingfeng Tong, Ying Lu, Yemin Zhu, Ping Zhang, Hanbei Chen, Lei Hu, Jian Meng, Ming Feng, Minle Li, Liang Zheng, Bin Li, Tianle Xu, Lifang Wu, Xuemei Tong
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Obesity has recently become a prevalent health threat worldwide. Although emerging evidence has suggested a strong link between the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and obesity, the role of transketolase (TKT), an enzyme in the non-oxidative branch of the PPP which connects PPP and glycolysis, remains obscure in adipose tissues. In this study, we specifically delete TKT in mouse adipocytes and find no obvious phenotype upon normal diet feeding. However, adipocyte TKT abrogation attenuates high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity, reduces hepatic steatosis, improves glucose tolerance, alleviates insulin resistance and increases energy expenditure. Mechanistically, TKT deficiency accumulates non-oxidative PPP metabolites, decreases glycolysis and pyruvate input into the mitochondria, leading to increased lipolytic enzyme gene expression and enhanced lipolysis, fatty acid oxidation and mitochondrial respiration. Therefore, our data not only identify a novel role of TKT in regulating lipolysis and obesity, but also suggest limiting glucose-derived carbon into the mitochondria induces lipid catabolism and energy expenditure.