SCO-267, a GPR40 Full Agonist, Stimulates Islet and Gut Hormone Secretion and Improves Glycemic Control in Humans
figureposted on 2021-07-27, 22:06 authored by Harunobu Nishizaki, Osamu Matsuoka, Tomoya Kagawa, Akihiro Kobayashi, Masanori Watanabe, Yusuke Moritoh
SCO-267 is a full agonist of the free fatty acid receptor 1 (GPR40), which regulates the secretion of islet and gut hormones. In this phase 1 study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical profile of single and multiple once-daily oral administration of SCO-267 in healthy adults and patients with diabetes. Plasma SCO-267 concentration was seen to increase in a dose-dependent manner after administration, and its plasma exposure was maintained for 24 h. Repeated dose did not alter the pharmacokinetic profile of SCO-267 in healthy adults. SCO-267 was generally safe and well tolerated at all evaluated single and multiple doses. Single and repeated doses of SCO-267 stimulated the secretion of insulin, glucagon, glucagon-like peptide 1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, and peptide YY in healthy adults. Furthermore, a single dose of SCO-267 stimulated the secretion of these hormones, decreased fasting hyperglycemia, and improved glycemic control during an oral glucose tolerance test in patients with diabetes, without inducing hypoglycemia. This study is the first to demonstrate the clinical effects of a GPR40 full agonist. SCO-267 is safe and well tolerated and exhibits once-daily oral dosing potential. Its robust therapeutic effects on hormonal secretion and glycemic control make SCO-267 an attractive drug candidate for the treatment of diabetes.