Profibrotic circulating proteins and risk of early progressive renal decline in Type 2 Diabetes patients with and without albuminuria
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RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Individuals with type 2 diabetes enrolled in the Joslin Kidney Study with eGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73m2 were followed for 6-12 years to ascertain fast early progressive renal decline defined as eGFR loss ≥5 ml/min/1.73m2/year.
RESULTS: A total of 1,181 individuals were studied: 681 without and 500 with albuminuria. Median eGFR and ACR at baseline were 97 ml/min/1.73m2 and 24 mg/g, respectively. During follow-up, 152 individuals experienced fast early progressive renal decline: 6.9% in those with normoalbuminuria and 21% with albuminuria. In both subgroups risk of renal decline increased with increasing baseline levels of WFDC2 (p <0.0001) and MMP-7 (p <0.0001). After adjustment for relevant clinical characteristics and known biomarkers, an increase by one quartile in the Fibrosis Index (combination of levels of WFDC2 and MMP-7) was associated with higher risk of renal decline (OR 1.63; 95% CI 1.30-2.04). The association was similar and statistically significant among patients with and without albuminuria.
CONCLUSIONS: Elevation of circulating profibrotic proteins is associated with the development of early progressive renal decline in type 2 diabetes. This association is independent from albuminuria status and points to the importance of the fibrotic process in development of early renal decline.