Predictors of Glycemic Outcomes at 1 Year Following Pediatric Total Pancreatectomy With Islet Autotransplantation
Research Design and Methods: This was a review of 43 pediatric patients followed after TPIAT for one year or longer. Primary outcome was insulin use at one year, categorized as: insulin independent, low (< 0.5 u/kg/day) or high insulin (≥ 0.5 u/kg/day) requirement.
Results: At one year after TPIAT, 12/41 (29%) patients were insulin independent, 21/41 (51%) had low and 8/41 (20%) had high insulin requirement. Insulin independent patients were younger than those with low and high insulin requirement (median age 8.2 vs. 14.6 vs. 13.1 years, respectively; p=0.03). Patients with insulin independence had higher transplanted IEQ/kg (p=0.03) and lower body surface area (p=0.02), compared to those with insulin dependence. Preoperative exocrine insufficiency was associated with high insulin requirement (p=0.03). Higher peak C-peptide measured by stimulated mixed meal tolerance testing (MMTT) at 3 and 6 months post-TPIAT was predictive of lower insulin requirement at one year (p=0.006 and 0.03, respectively).
Conclusions: We conclude that insulin independence following pediatric TPIAT is multifactorial and associated with younger age, higher IEQ/kg transplanted and lower body surface area at time of operation. Higher peak C-peptide measured by MMTT following TPIAT confers a higher likelihood of low insulin requirement.