Post-intervention Effects of Varying Treatment Arms on Glycemic Failure and Beta-Cell Function in the TODAY Study
Research Design and Methods: A total of 699 participants were randomized during TODAY, of whom 572 enrolled in the TODAY2 observational follow-up. Glycemic failure was defined as HbA1c ≥8% over a 6-month period or inability to wean from temporary insulin therapy within 3 months after acute metabolic decompensation during TODAY or a sustained HbA1c ≥8% over two consecutive visits during TODAY2. Oral glucose tolerance tests were conducted and insulin sensitivity, insulinogenic index, and oral disposition index (oDI) were calculated.
Results: During the 36 months of TODAY2, glycemic failure rates did not differ among participants by original treatment group assignment. Insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function deteriorated rapidly during the 36 months of TODAY2 routine diabetes care, but did not differ by treatment group assignment.
Conclusions: The added benefit of preventing glycemic failure by using rosiglitazone as a second agent in youth-onset type 2 diabetes did not persist after its discontinuation. More work is needed to address this rapid progression to avoid long-term diabetes complications.