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Pancreatic Sirtuin 3 deficiency promotes hepatic steatosis by enhancing 5-hydroxytryptamine synthesis in diet-induced obese mice

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posted on 21.10.2020, 18:15 by Ada Admin, Xing Ming, Arthur C.K. Chung, Dandan Mao, Huanyi Cao, Baoqi Fan, Willy K.K. Wong, Chin Chung Ho, Heung Man Lee, Kristina Schoonjans, Johan Auwerx, Guy A. Rutter, Juliana C.N. Chan, Xiao Yu Tian, Alice P.S. Kong
Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a protein deacetylase regulating beta cell function through inhibiting oxidative stress in obese and diabetic mice, but the detailed mechanism and potential effect of beta cell specific SIRT3 on metabolic homeostasis, and its potential effect on other metabolic organs are unknown. We found glucose tolerance and glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) were impaired in high fat diet (HFD)-fed beta cell selective Sirt3 knockout (Sirt3f/f;Cre/+) mice. In addition, Sirt3f/f;Cre/+ mice had more severe hepatic steatosis than Sirt3f/f mice upon HFD feeding. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of islets suggested that Sirt3 deficiency over-activated 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) synthesis as evidenced by up-regulation of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1). 5-HT concentration was increased in both islets and serum of Sirt3f/f;Cre/+ mice. 5-HT also facilitated the effect of palmitate to increase lipid deposition. Treatment with TPH1 inhibitor ameliorated hepatic steatosis and reduced weight gain in HFD-fed Sirt3f/f;Cre/+ mice. These data suggested that under HFD feeding, SIRT3 deficiency in beta cells not only regulates insulin secretion but also modulates hepatic lipid metabolism via the release of 5-HT.

Funding

This study is supported by the General Research Fund of the Research Grant Council, the Hong Kong SAR Government (Project Ref: RGC ECS 24122318 and GRF 14109519). G.A.R. was supported by a Wellcome Trust Investigator Award (212625/Z/18/Z), MRC Programme grants (MR/R022259/1, MR/J0003042/1, MR/L020149/1) and Experimental Challenge Grant (DIVA, MR/L02036X/1), MRC (MR/N00275X/1), Diabetes UK (BDA/11/0004210, BDA/15/0005275, BDA 16/0005485) and Imperial Confidence in Concept (ICiC) grants.

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