Mannose-binding Lectin and Risk of Cardiovascular Events and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes: A Danish Cohort Study
Research Design and Methods: In a cohort study of 7588 patients with type 2 diabetes, we measured serum MBL in 7305 and performed MBL expression genotyping in 3043. We grouped serum MBL and MBL expression genotypes into three categories: low, intermediate, and high. Outcomes were CVE (myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary revascularization, unstable angina, and cardiovascular death) and all-cause mortality. The association with outcomes was examined by spline and Cox regression analyses.
Results: Serum MBL and CVE showed a U-shaped association. Compared to the intermediate serum MBL category, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for CVE was 1.82 (95% CI, 1.34 to 2.46) for the low-MBL category and 1.48 (95% CI, 1.14 to 1.92) for the high-MBL category. We found a similar U-shaped association for all-cause mortality, but with lower risk estimates. Compared to the intermediate MBL expression genotype, the adjusted HR for CVE was 1.40 (95% CI, 0.87 to 2.25) for the low-expression genotype and 1.44 (95% CI, 1.01 to 2.06) for the high-expression genotype. MBL expression genotype was not associated with all-cause mortality.
Conclusions: Both serum MBL and MBL expression genotype showed a U-shaped association with CVE risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Our findings suggest that serum MBL is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in this population.