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Low Awareness of Diabetes as a Major Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Disease in Middle- and High-income Countries

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posted on 2023-12-13, 19:15 authored by Richard S. Chaudhary, Melanie B. Turner, Laxmi S. Mehta, Nora M. Al-Roub, Sidney C. Smith Jr., Dhruv S. Kazi

Objective:

Awareness of diabetes as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) may enhance uptake of screening for diabetes and primary prevention of CVD.

Research Design and Methods:

The American Heart Association conducted an online survey in 50 countries. The main outcome of this study was the proportion of individuals in each country who recognized diabetes as a CVD risk factor. We also examined variation by gender, age, geographic region, and country-level economic development.

Results:

Among 48,988 respondents, 15,747 (32.1%) identified diabetes as a major CVD risk factor. Awareness was similar among men and women, but increased with age, and was greater in high-income than in middle-income countries.

Conclusions:

Two-thirds of adults in surveyed countries did not recognize diabetes as a major CVD risk factor. Given the increasing global burden of diabetes and CVD, this finding underscores the need for concerted efforts to raise public health awareness.

Funding

The global survey was funded by the American Heart Association. DSK is supported by grant R01HL157530 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

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