American Diabetes Association
DB23-0310 Online_Supplemental_Material_DIABETES_Rev1.pdf (172.68 kB)

Loss of Glomerular Permselectivity in Type 2 Diabetes Associates with Progression to Kidney Failure

Download (172.68 kB)
posted on 2023-08-16, 20:39 authored by Pierre J Saulnier, MD, PhD, Helen C Looker, MBBS, Anita Layton, PhD, Kevin V Lemley, MD, PhD, Robert G Nelson, MD, PhD, Petter Bjornstad, MD


We examined whether defects in glomerular size selectivity in type 2 diabetes (T2D) associated with progressive kidney disease. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and fractional clearances of dextrans of graded sizes were measured in 185 Pima Indians. The permselectivity model that best fit the dextran sieving data represented the glomerular capillary as being perforated by small restrictive pores and a parallel population of larger non-restrictive pores characterized by ωo, the fraction of total filtrate volume passing through this shunt. Hazard ratio (HR) for kidney failure was expressed per 1 standard deviation (SD) increase of ωo by Cox regression after adjusting for age, sex, mean arterial pressure, HbA1c, GFR, and the urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR). Baseline mean age (±SD) was 43±10 years, HbA1c 8.9±2.5%, GFR 147±46 ml/min, and median (IQR) ACR 41 (11-230) mg/g. During a median follow-up of 17.7 years, 70 participants developed kidney failure. After adjustment, each 1 SD increment in ωo was associated with a higher risk of kidney failure (HR=1.49, 95% CI 1.13, 1.96). Enhanced transglomerular passage of test macromolecules associated with progression to kidney failure, independent of albuminuria and GFR, suggesting that mechanisms associated with impaired glomerular permselectivity are important determinants of progressive kidney disease.


· Hydrodynamic models of dextran clearance reveal that the size-selective properties of the glomerular capillary are adversely affected by diabetes.

· Alterations in the permselective properties of the glomerular barrier in type 2 diabetes may associate with the onset and progression of diabetic kidney disease.

· In this study, enhanced transglomerular passage of larger dextrans in American Indians with type 2 diabetes was associated with greater risk of kidney structural lesions and with progression to kidney failure.

· Molecular mechanisms underlying alterations in the glomerular barrier associated with type 2 diabetes may provide new therapeutic targets for treatment of diabetic kidney disease.


American Heart Association 20IPA35260142

Barbara Davis Center for Diabetes

Boettcher Foundation, Center for Women’s Health

Intramural Research Program of the NIDDK

JDRF x 3-SRA-2022-1097-M-B

NHLBI x HL165433

NIDDK x DK116720 DK129211 DK129720 DK132399


Usage metrics



    Ref. manager