American Diabetes Association
Browse
Supplemental_materials_revised.pdf (1.6 MB)

Genetic subtypes of prediabetes, healthy lifestyle, and risk of type 2 diabetes

Download (1.6 MB)
figure
posted on 2024-04-11, 17:33 authored by Yang Li, Guo-Chong Chen, Jee-Young Moon, Rhonda Arthur, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Martha L. Daviglus, Amber Pirzada, Josiemer Mattei, Krista M. Perreira, Jerome I. Rotter, Kent D. Taylor, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Tao Wang, Thomas E. Rohan, Joel D. Kaufman, Robert Kaplan, Qibin Qi

Prediabetes is a heterogenous metabolic state with various risk for development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this study, we used genetic data on 7,227 US Hispanic/Latinos without diabetes from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and 400,149 non-Hispanic whites without diabetes from the UK Biobank (UKBB) to calculate five partitioned polygenetic risk scores (pPRSs) representing various pathways related to T2D. Consensus clustering was performed in participants with prediabetes in HCHS/SOL (n=3,677) and UKBB (n=16,284) separately, based on these pPRSs. Six clusters of individuals with prediabetes with distinctive patterns of pPRSs and corresponding metabolic traits were identified in the HCHS/SOL, five of which were confirmed in the UKBB. Although baseline glycemic traits were similar across clusters, individuals in Cluster 5 and Cluster 6 showed elevated risk of T2D during follow-up compared to Cluster 1 (RR=1.29 [95% CI 1.08-1.53] and1.34 [1.13-1.60], respectively). Inverse associations between a healthy lifestyle score and risk of T2D were observed across different clusters, with a suggestively stronger association observed in Cluster 5 compared to Cluster 1. Among individuals with healthy lifestyle, those in Cluster 5 had a similar risk of T2D compared to those in Cluster 1 (RR=1.03 [0.91-1.18]). This study identified genetic subtypes of prediabetes which differed in risk of progression to T2D and in benefits from healthy lifestyle.

Funding

The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos is a collaborative study supported by contracts from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) to the University of North Carolina (HHSN268201300001I / N01-HC-65233), University of Miami (HHSN268201300004I / N01-HC-65234), Albert Einstein College of Medicine (HHSN268201300002I / N01-HC-65235), University of Illinois at Chicago (HHSN268201300003I / N01-HC-65236 Northwestern Univ), and San Diego State University (HHSN268201300005I / N01-HC-65237). The following Institutes/Centers/Offices have contributed to HCHS/SOL through a transfer of funds to the NHLBI: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and NIH Institution-Office of Dietary Supplements. This work is supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (R01ES030994) and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (R01DK119268). Other funding sources for this study include R01HL060712, R01HL140976, R01HL105756, and R01HL136266 from the NHLBI; and R01DK120870, the New York Regional Center for Diabetes Translation Research (P30 DK111022), Diabetes Research Center (DRC) grant DK063491 to the Southern California Diabetes Endocrinology Research Center, and UM1DK078616 from the NIDDK; and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, CTSI grant UL1TR00188. This research has been conducted using the UK Biobank Resource under Application Number 56483.

History

Usage metrics

    Diabetes

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC