Factors Associated With Discordant A1C-Estimated and Measured Average Glucose Among Hospitalized Patients With Diabetes
In this retrospective analysis, we explored the correlation between measured average glucose (mAG) and A1C-estimated average glucose (eAG) in hospitalized patients with diabetes and to describe factors associated with discordant mAG and eAG at the transition from home to hospital. Having mAG lower than eAG was associated with Black race, Other race, increasing length of stay, community hospital setting, surgery, fever, metformin use, certain inpatient diets, home antihyperglycemic treatment, and coded type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Having mAG higher than eAG was associated with certain discharge services (e.g., intensive care unit), higher BMI, hypertension, tachycardia, higher albumin, higher potassium, anemia, inpatient glucocorticoid use, and treatment with home insulin, secretagogues, and glucocorticoids. These factors should be considered when using patients’ A1C as an indicator of outpatient glycemic control to determine the inpatient antihyperglycemic regimens.