FOXO1-mediated Downregulation of RAB27B Leads to Decreased Exosome Secretion in Diabetic Kidneys
figureposted on 17.02.2021, 22:13 by Mengru Zeng, Jin Wen, Zhengwei Ma, Li Xiao, Yutao Liu, Sangho Kwon, Yu Liu, Zheng Dong
Exosomes have been implicated in diabetic kidney disease (DKD), but the regulation of exosomes in DKD is largely unknown. Here, we have verified the decrease of exosome secretion in DKD and unveiled the underlying mechanism. In mouse proximal tubule (BUMPT) cells, high glucose (HG) treatment led to a significant decrease in exosome secretion, which was associated with specific downregulation of RAB27B, a key GTPase in exosome secretion. Overexpression of RAB27B restored exosome secretion in HG-treated cells, suggesting a role of RAB27B downregulation in the decrease of exosome secretion in DKD. To understand the mechanism of RAB27B downregulation, we conducted bioinformatics analysis that identified FOXO1 binding sites in the Rab27b gene promoter. Consistently, HG induced phosphorylation of FOXO1 in BUMPT cells, preventing FOXO1 accumulation and activation in the nucleus. Overexpression of non-phosphorylatable, constitutively active FOXO1 led to the upregulation of RAB27B and increase in exosome secretion in HG-treated cells. In vivo, compared with normal mice, diabetic mice showed increased FOXO1 phosphorylation, decreased RAB27B expression, and reduced exosome secretion. Collectively, these results unveil the mechanism of exosome dysfunction in DKD where FOXO1 is phosphorylated and inactivated in DKD, resulting in RAB27B downregulation and the decrease of exosome secretion.