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Depletion of Prmt1 in Adipocytes Impairs Glucose Homeostasis in Diet-Induced Obesity

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posted on 27.05.2021, 07:31 by Seri Choi, Dahee Choi, Yun-Kyung Lee, Seung Hyun Ahn, Je Kyung Seong, Sung Wook Chi, Tae Jung Oh, Sung Hee Choi, Seung-Hoi Koo
Protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) 1 is involved in the regulation of various metabolic pathways such as glucose metabolism in liver and atrophy in the skeletal muscle. However, the role of PRMT1 in the fat tissues under the disease state has not been elucidated to date.

Here, we delineate the function of this protein in adipocytes in vivo. PRMT1 expression was abundant in the white adipose tissues (WAT), which was induced upon high fat diet in mice as well as by obesity in humans. We found that adipocyte-specific depletion of Prmt1 resulted in the decreased fat mass without overall changes in body weight in mice. Mechanistically, the depletion of Prmt1 in WAT led to the activation of AMPK pathway, which was causal to the increased lipophagy, mitochondrial lipid catabolism and the resultant reduction in lipid droplet size in WAT in vivo. Interestingly, in spite of the increased energy expenditure, we observed a promotion of adipose tissue inflammation and an ectopic accumulation of triglycerides in the peripheral tissues in Prmt1 adipocyte-specific knockout mice, which promoted the impaired insulin tolerance that is reminiscent of mouse models of lipodystrophy. These data collectively suggest that PRMT1 prevents WAT from excessive degradation of triglycerides by limiting AMPK-mediated lipid catabolism to control whole body metabolic homeostasis in diet-induced obesity conditions.

Funding

This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) (NRF-2018R1A2B3001540, NRF-2015R1A5A1009024, NRF-2019M3A9D5A01102794 and NRF-2021R1A2C3003435). S.W.J. was supported by NRF-2016R1C1B2014390 and S.C. was supported by NRF-2019R1A6A3A01096171. S.H.K. was also supported by a grant from Korea University.

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