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Deficiency of Stat1 in CD11c+ Cells Alters Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Improves Metabolic Dysfunctions in Mice Fed High-Fat Diet

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posted on 15.12.2020, 23:12 by Antu Antony, Zeqin Lian, Xiaoyuan Dai Perrard, Jerry Perrard, Hua Liu, Aaron R. Cox, Pradip Saha, Lothar Hennighausen, Sean M. Hartig, Christie M. Ballantyne, Huaizhu Wu
CD11c+ macrophages/dendritic cells (MDCs) are increased and display classically activated M1-like phenotype in obese adipose tissue (AT) and may contribute to AT inflammation and insulin resistance. Stat1 is a key transcription factor for MDC polarization into M1-like phenotype. Here, we examined the role of Stat1 in obesity-induced AT MDC polarization and inflammation and insulin resistance using mice with specific knockout of Stat1 in MDCs (cKO). Stat1 was upregulated and phosphorylated, indicating activation, early and persistently in AT and AT MDCs of wild-type mice fed high-fat diet (HFD). Compared to littermate controls, cKO mice fed HFD (16 weeks) had reductions in MDC (mainly CD11c+ macrophage) M1-like polarization and interferon-g–expressing T helper type 1 (Th1) cells, but increases in interleukin-5–expressing Th2 cells and eosinophils in perigonadal and inguinal AT, and enhanced inguinal AT browning, with increased energy expenditure. cKO mice compared with controls also had significant reductions in triglyceride content in the liver and skeletal muscle and exhibited improved insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. Taken together, our results demonstrated that Stat1 in MDCs plays an important role in obesity-induced MDC M1-like polarization and AT inflammation and contributes to insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunctions in obese mice.

Funding

This work was supported by NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases grants R01DK121348 (H.W.) and R01DK114356 (S.M.H.), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute grant R01HL098839 (H.W.), American Diabetes Association awards 1-17-IBS-082 (H.W.) and 1-18-IBS-105 (S.M.H.), and an American Heart Association award 16GRNT30410012 (H.W.).

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