Chronic Kidney Disease Testing Among Primary Care Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Across 24 U.S. Health Care Organizations
Research Design and Methods: Electronic health record data were analyzed from 513,165 adults with type 2 diabetes, receiving primary care from 24 health care organizations and 1,164 clinical practice sites. We assessed the percentage of patients with both ≥1 eGFR and ≥1 uACR, and each test individually, in the 1, 2, and 3 years ending September 2019, by health care organization and clinical practice site. Elevated albuminuria was defined by uACR ≥30 mg/g.
Results: The 1-year median testing rate across organizations was 51.6% for both uACR and eGFR, 89.5% for eGFR, and 52.9% for uACR. uACR testing varied (10th–90th percentile) from 44.7% to 63.3% across organizations and from 13.3% to 75.4% across sites. Over 3 years, the median testing rate for uACR across organizations was 73.7%. Overall, the prevalence of detected elevated albuminuria was 15%. The average prevalence of detected elevated albuminuria increased linearly with uACR testing rates at sites, with estimated prevalence of 6%, 15%, and 30%, at uACR testing rates of 20%, 50%, and 100%.
Conclusions: While eGFR testing rates are uniformly high among people with type 2 diabetes, testing rates for uACR are suboptimal and highly variable across and within the organizations examined. Guideline-recommended uACR testing should increase detection of CKD.