Central α-Klotho Suppresses NPY/AgRP Neuron Activity and Regulates Metabolism in Mice
figureposted on 20.04.2020, 22:50 by Ada Admin, Taylor Landry, Brenton Thomas Laing, Peixin Li, Wyatt Bunner, Zhijian Rao, Amber Prete, Julia Sylvestri, Hu Huang
α-Klotho is a circulating factor with well-documented anti-aging properties; however, the central role of α-klotho in metabolism remains largely unexplored. The current study investigated the potential role of central α-klotho to modulate NPY/AgRP neurons, energy balance, and glucose homeostasis. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of α-klotho suppressed food intake, improved glucose profiles, and reduced body weight in mouse models of Type I and II diabetes. Furthermore, central α-klotho inhibition via an anti-α-klotho antibody impaired glucose tolerance. Ex vivo patch clamp electrophysiology and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that α-klotho suppresses NPY/AgRP neuron activity, at least in part, by enhancing mIPSC’s. Experiments in hypothalamic GT1-7 cells observed α-klotho induces phosphorylation of AKTser473, ERKthr202/tyr204, and FOXO1ser256, as well as blunts AgRP gene transcription. Mechanistically, fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGFR1) inhibition abolished the downstream signaling of α-klotho, negated its ability to modulate NPY/AgRP neurons, and blunted its therapeutic effects. PI3 kinase inhibition also abolished α-klotho’s ability to suppress food intake and improve glucose clearance. These results indicate a prominent role of hypothalamic α-klotho/FGFR1/PI3K signaling in the modulation of NPY/AgRP neuron activity and maintenance of energy homeostasis, thus providing new insight into the pathophysiology of metabolic disease.