Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Myocardial Feature Tracking for Optimized Risk Assessment after Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
figureposted on 21.04.2020 by Ada Admin, Sören J. Backhaus, Johannes T. Kowallick, Thomas Stiermaier, Torben Lange, Jenny-Lou Navarra, Alexander Koschalka, Ruben Evertz, Joachim Lotz, Shelby Kutty, Gerd Hasenfuß, Matthias Gutberlet, Holger Thiele, Ingo Eitel, Andreas Schuster
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus predicts outcome following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Since underlying mechanics are incompletely understood, we investigated left ventricular (LV) and atrial (LA) pathophysiological changes and their prognostic implications using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Consecutive patients (n=1147, n=265 diabetic; n=882 non-diabetic) underwent CMR 3 days after AMI. Analyses included LV ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal, circumferential and radial strains (GLS, GCS and GRS), LA reservoir, conduit and booster pump strains, as well as infarct size, edema and microvascular obstruction. Predefined endpoints were major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) within 12 months. Diabetic patients had impaired LA reservoir (19.8 vs. 21.2%, p<0.01) and conduit strains (7.6 vs. 9.0%, p<0.01) but not ventricular function or myocardial damage. They were at higher risk of MACE than non-diabetic patients (10.2% vs. 5.8%, p<0.01) with most MACE occurring in patients with LVEF≥35%. Whilst LVEF (p=0.045) and atrial reservoir strain (p=0.024) were independent predictors of MACE in non-diabetic patients, GLS was in diabetic patients (p=0.010). Considering patients with diabetes and LVEF≥35% (n=237), GLS and LA reservoir strain below median were significantly associated with MACE. In conclusion, in patients with diabetes, LA and LV longitudinal strain permit optimized risk assessment early after reperfused AMI with incremental prognostic value over and above LVEF.