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Associations of Systolic Blood Pressure and Diastolic Blood Pressure With the Incidence of Coronary Artery Disease or Cerebrovascular Disease According to Glucose Status

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posted on 25.05.2021, 21:52 by Mayuko Harada Yamada, Kazuya Fujihara, Satoru Kodama, Takaaki Sato, Taeko Osawa, Yuta Yaguchi, Masahiko Yamamoto, Masaru Kitazawa, Yasuhiro Matsubayashi, Takaho Yamada, Hiroyasu Seida, Wataru Ogawa, Hirohito Sone
Aims: To determine associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with new-onset coronary artery disease (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD) according to glucose status.

Research Design and Methods: Examined was a nationwide claims database from 2008 – 2016 on 593,196 individuals. Cox proportional hazards model identified risks of CAD and CVD events among 5 levels of SBP and DBP.

Results: During the study period 2,240 CAD and 3,207 CVD events occurred. Compared with SBP ≤119 mmHg, which was the lowest quintile of SBP, hazard ratios (HRs) (95% confidence interval) for CAD/CVD in the 4 higher quintiles (120-129, 130-139, 140-149, ≥150 mmHg) gradually increased from 2.10 (1.73 to 2.56)/ 1.46 (1.27 to 1.68) in quintile 2 to 3.21 (2.37 to 4.34)/4.76 (3.94 to 5.75) in quintile 5 for normoglycemia; from 1.39 (1.14 to 1.69)/1.70 (1.44 to 2.10) in quintile 2 to 2.52 (1.95 to 3.26)/4.12 (3.38 to 5.02) in quintile 5 for borderline glycemia; and from 1.50 (1.19 to 1.90)/1.72 (1.31 to 2.26) in quintile 2 to 2.52 (1.95 to 3.26)/3.54 (2.66 to 4.70) in quintile 5 for diabetes. A similar trend was observed for DBP across 4 quintiles (75-79, 80-84, 85-89, ≥90 mmHg) compared with ≤74 mmHg, which was the lowest quintile.

Conclusions: Results indicated that cardiovascular risks gradually increased with increases in SBP and DBP regardless of the presence of and degree of a glucose abnormality. Further interventional trials are required to apply findings from this cohort study to clinical practice.

Funding

This work is supported in part by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.

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