An integrated digital healthcare platform for diabetes management with AI-based dietary management: 48-week results from a randomized controlled trial
We investigated the efficacy of an integrated digital healthcare platform with artificial intelligence (AI)-based dietary management in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
In this 48-week, open-label, randomized, multicenter clinical trial, overweight or obese adults with T2D were randomly assigned to one of three groups in a 1:1:1 ratio: group A received routine diabetes care; group B used the digital integrated healthcare platform by themselves; and group C used the platform with feedback from medical staff and intermittently applied personal continuous glucose monitoring. The primary endpoint was the difference of change in HbA1c from baseline to 24 weeks between groups A and B while secondary endpoints included changes in HbA1c from baseline to 48 weeks, and changes in body weight during follow-up.
A total of 294 participants were randomly assigned to group A (n=99), B (n=97), or C (n=98). The decreases in HbA1c from baseline to 24 and 48 weeks in group B (-0.32±0.58% to 24 weeks, -0.28±0.56% to 48 weeks) and group C (-0.49±0.57% to 24 weeks, -0.44±0.62% to 48 weeks) were significantly larger than those in group A (-0.06±0.61% to 24 weeks, 0.07±0.78% to 48 weeks). Groups B and C exhibited greater weight loss than group A from baseline to 24 weeks, and group C demonstrated more weight loss than group A from baseline to weeks 48.
Among adults with T2D, use of an integrated digital healthcare platform with AI-driven dietary management resulted in better glycemia and more weight loss.