Advanced Closed-Loop Control System Improves Postprandial Glycemic Control Compared With a Hybrid Closed-Loop System Following Unannounced Meal
Research Design and Methods: Eighteen adolescents with T1D (age 15.6±1.7 years; HbA1c 7.4%±1.5; 9F/9M) participated in a randomized crossover clinical trial comparing our legacy hybrid CLC system (USS-Virginia) with a novel fully-automated CLC system (RocketAP), during two 46h supervised admissions (each with one announced and one unannounced dinner), following 2 weeks of data collection. Primary outcome was the percent time-in-range 70-180mg/dL (TIR) following the unannounced meal, with secondary outcomes related to additional CGM-based metrics.
Results: Both TIR and time-in-tight-range 70-140mg/dL (TTR) were significantly higher using RocketAP than using USS-Virginia during the 6h following the unannounced meal (83% [64-93] vs. 53% [40-71]; p=0.004 and 49% [41-59] vs. 27% [22-36]; p=0.002, respectively), primarily driven by reduced time-above-range (TAR >180mg/dL 17% [1.3-34] vs. 47% [28-60]), with no increase in time-below-range (TBR <70mg/dL 0% median for both). RocketAP also improved control following the announced meal (mean difference TBR: -0.7%, TIR: +7%, TTR: +6%), overall (TIR: +5%, TAR: -5%, TTR: +8%), and overnight (TIR: +7%, TTR: +19%, TAR: -5%). RocketAP delivered less insulin overall (78±23U vs. 85±20U, p=0.01)
Conclusions: A new fully-automated CLC system with automatic prandial dosing was proven to be safe and feasible and outperformed our legacy USS-Virginia in an adolescent population with and without meal announcement.