Acrylamide Exposure and Oxidative DNA Damage, Lipid Peroxidation and Fasting Plasma Glucose Alteration: Association and Mediation Analyses in Chinese Urban Adults
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RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: FPG and urinary biomarkers of oxidative DNA damage (8-hydroxy-deoxy-guanosine, 8-OHdG), lipid peroxidation (8-iso-prostaglandin-F2α, 8-iso-PGF2α) and acrylamide exposure (N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoylethyl)-L-cysteine, AAMA; N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine, GAMA) were measured for 3,270 general adults from the Wuhan-Zhuhai cohort. The associations of urinary acrylamide metabolites with 8-OHdG, 8-iso-PGF2α and FPG were assessed by linear mixed models. The mediating roles of 8-OHdG and 8-iso-PGF2α were evaluated by mediation analysis.
RESULTS: We found significant linear positive dose-response relationships of urinary acrylamide metabolites with 8-OHdG, 8-iso-PGF2α and FPG (except GAMA with FPG), and 8-iso-PGF2α with FPG. Each 1-unit increase in log-transformed level of AAMA, ΣUAAM (AAMA+GAMA) or 8-iso-PGF2α was associated with a 0.17-, 0.15- or 0.23-mmol/L increase in FPG, respectively (P or/and P trend<0.05). Each 1% increase in AAMA, GAMA or ΣUAAM was associated with a 0.19%, 0.27% or 0.22% increase in 8-OHdG, respectively, and a 0.40%, 0.48% or 0.44% increase in 8-iso-PGF2α, respectively (P and P trend<0.05). Increased 8-iso-PGF2α rather than 8-OHdG significantly mediated 64.29% and 76.92% of the AAMA and ΣUAAM associated-FPG increases, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure of general adult population to acrylamide was associated with FPG elevation, oxidative DNA damage and lipid peroxidation, which in turn partly mediated acrylamide-associated FPG elevation.